What are the differences between IBS and IBD?

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Video Overview

The difference between IBS and IBD as known as Irritable Bowel Syndrome and Inflammatory Bowel Disease is actually great. That is probably one of the most important questions we are asked oftentimes as gastroenterologists. IBS or Irritable Bowel Syndrome is primarily a functional bowel disorder. There is no disease process that undergoes the process and patients can have symptoms such as abdominal pain, varied bowel movement such as constipation, diarrhea or altered bowel habits. IBS can oftentimes be brought on by different types of diets. It can be brought on by stress or oftentimes mental problem. However, it is very important to know that Irritable Bowel Syndrome does not decrease your lifespan nor is there any abnormality noted on either a colonoscopy or endoscopy.

IBD on the other hand, as known as Inflammatory Bowel Disease is an inflammatory condition which actually affects the intestines. The causes are unknown however we do know that Inflammatory Bowel Disease can be related to either to an infection or a genetic predisposition. Inflammatory Bowel Disease has two types, Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Both of these can cause inflammatory conditions knows as inflammatory colitis or inflammation in the small intestine. And again, the symptoms can include rectal bleeding, abdominal pain, fevers, chills or diarrhea.